luments where of shall have been increased during such time; and no person holding any office under the United States, shall be a member of either house during his
continuance in office.
Sect. 7. The enacting stile of the laws shall be, "Be it enacted by the senators and representatives in Congress assembled."
All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house of representatives: but the senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other bills.
Every bill which shall have passed the house of representatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the president of the United States. If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return, with his objections to that house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case, it shall not be a law.
Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by
three fourths two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in
the case of a bill.
Sect. 8. The Congress
may by joint ballot appoint a treasurer. They shall have power
To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises to pay the debts and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States: but all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States.
To borrow money on the credit of the United States.
To regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes.
To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States.
To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures.
To provide for punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States.
To establish post offices and post roads.
To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.
To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court.
To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and
punish offences against the law of nations.
To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water.
To raise and support armies: but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years.
To provide and maintain a navy.
To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces.
To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions.
To provide for organizing, arming and disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress.
To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings—And
To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the forgoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.
Sect. 9. The migration of importation of such persons as
the several any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.
The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.
No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed
, nor any ex post fact law.
No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration> herein before directed to be taken.
No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the Ports of one State over those another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one State be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another.
No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state.
No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law, and a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time.
No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States. And no person holding any office of power or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state.
Sect. 10. No stat shall coin money, nor emit bills of credit, nor make any thing but gold or silver coin a tender in payment of debts, nor pass nay bill of attainder, nor ex post facto laws, nor laws altering or impairing the obligation of contracts; nor grant letters of marque and reprisal, nor enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation, nor grant any title of nobility.
Sect. 10. No state shall enter into any treaty Alliance or confederation; grant letters of Marque and reprisal; coin Money; emit bills of Credit; make any thing by gold & Silver Coin a tender in payment of debts, pass any Bill of attainder, expost facto law, or law impairing the obligations of Contracts, or grant any title of nobility.