This catechism is the first in both Spanish and an Indian language spoken in what would become the United States. The conversion of the Indians in Florida to Christianity was essential for the early viability of the colony in St. Augustine. Without the cooperation of the hinterland Indians and the provision of food for the colonists, St. Augustine would never have survived. The Timucua, however, suffered from diseases, conscription into wars, and many demands on their labor. Ultimately, they perished.