In 1603–1604 Abas I, the Safavid Shah of Iran, forcibly transferred the Armenian population of Old Julfa and areas on the northern border between the Ottoman Empire and Turkey to New Julfa, Iran. Armenians soon established themselves as an economic force in their new land and established presses. The first book published in Iran was, in fact, a 1636 Armenian psalter published in New Julfa. This work by Harut‘iwn T‘. Hovhaneants‘ provides invaluable details concerning this important chapter in the history of the Armenian Diaspora.