The 1848 publication of the novel Armenia’s Wounds by Khachatur Abovyan (1809–1848) is considered the beginning of modern Armenian literature. In a significant break with the literary past, Abovyan wrote in the Armenian language as spoken in his time instead of the Classical dialect (grabar). Novelists after Abovyan composed their works in modern Eastern and Western Armenian, depicting Armenian life, politics, and culture. Their efforts continue to influence new generations of Armenian authors both in the Republic and the Diaspora. This edition of Abovyan’s novel is a testament to the high quality of graphic arts in Soviet-era publications.