Marlene Dietrich (1901–1992) made two overseas USO tours. The first was to North Africa and Italy, where she became the first entertainer to reach rescued soldiers at Anzio. During her second tour, lasting eleven months, she entertained near the front in France and Germany. In this card to her friend Rouben Mamoulian (1897–1987), Dietrich remarks about being cold. She developed frostbite that winter and later received the Medal of Freedom.