On December 1, W.E. B. Du Bois sailed for France on a threefold mission: to report on the Paris Peace Conference for The Crisis; to collect material for a history of the black soldier in World War I; and to organize a Pan-African Congress. Tuskegee principal Robert Moton, his secretary Nathan Hunt, and reporter Lester Walton, were also aboard the press ship Orizaba, sent by the U.S. Congress to investigate the treatment of black troops. The history was never published. The Pan-African Congress convened in Paris February 19-21, 1919. Its purpose was to unite black leaders worldwide to secure the internationalization of former German colonies in Africa. The Congress adopted resolutions affirming the right of Africans to participate in their own government and charging the League of Nations to protect this right. These resolutions were presented at the Peace Conference.