In January 1937 Juanita Jackson (1913–1992), the NAACP’s first national youth director, visited the Scottsboro Boys in prison. Under her leadership, NAACP youth groups launched a letter-writing campaign to protest the conviction of the Scottsboro Boys and a fund-raising drive to support their defense. The following year Jackson married Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr., who served as director of the NAACP Washington Bureau from 1950 to 1978. She led the key NAACP Baltimore branch during the same crucial period. The first black woman admitted to practice law in Maryland; she also successfully prosecuted cases against segregation in Baltimore. In 1987 she was inducted into the Maryland Women’s Hall of Fame.