In 1933 Joel Spingarn and W. E .B. Du Bois organized a second Amenia Conference with the help of Walter White and Roy Wilkins. Their purpose was to assemble young black leaders to discuss solutions to the problems facing “the Negro race.” The conference was held August 18–21 at Spingarn’s “Troutbeck” estate near Amenia, New York. The general consensus was that the NAACP should develop an economic program. The conferees criticized the New Deal for not giving blacks equal consideration, but agreed that the New Deal’s “reformed democracy” was preferable to fascism and communism. They concluded that the union of black and white labor was needed for the nation’s economic and political progress. In 1934 the NAACP established the Committee on Future Plan and Program to consider the issues raised by the conference.