Baltimore native Thurgood Marshall (1908–1993) graduated from Lincoln University cum laude in 1930 and from Howard Law School in 1933 at top of his class. He practiced law privately in Baltimore before joining the NAACP as assistant counsel in 1936. As the chief attorney for the NAACP and NAACP Legal Defense Fund, Marshall led the legal campaign against discrimination from 1938 to 1961. Under his leadership the NAACP won 27 of 32 cases it argued before the Supreme Court. He achieved his greatest victory in 1954 with the Supreme Court’s landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education. In 1961 President John F. Kennedy appointed Marshall judge of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals. Four years later President Lyndon B. Johnson named him solicitor general of the United States and in 1967 nominated him to the Supreme Court, from which he retired in 1991.