In 1929, the annual conference of the NAACP convened in Cleveland to mark the association’s twentieth anniversary. The NAACP had much to celebrate. It had launched a successful anti-lynching crusade, won important legal battles, and organized 325 branches across the country. The Crisis, the Association’s official organ, was the leading black periodical with a circulation of more than 100,000. Among the NAACP officials seated in the front row (left to right) are W.E.B. Du Bois, editor of The Crisis; James Weldon Johnson, NAACP Secretary, 1920–1930; Robert Bagnall, Director of Branches; Daisy Lampkin, Regional Field Secretary; Walter White, Assistant Secretary, 1918–1929; William Pickens, Field Secretary; and Arthur Spingarn, Chairman of the Legal Committee.