In 1944 W.E.B. Du Bois returned to the NAACP as director of special research. He was to collect extensive data on the peoples of Africa and the African diaspora to ensure the representation of their interests in postwar planning. As a conclusion to his work, he prepared Appeal to the World with a team of prominent lawyers and scholars. The book-length petition focused on the historic denial of the rights and privileges of citizenship to African Americans. Appeal was formally presented to the United Nations Division on Human Rights on October 23, 1947, just after the UN had debated the treatment of blacks and minorities in South Africa, Southwest Africa, Palestine, and Asia. It was later debated by the Drafting Committee of the UN Human Rights Commission in Geneva.