In 1942 the NAACP joined the “Double V” Campaign being conducted by the Pittsburgh Courier. The purpose was to mobilize black civilians to fight for “a double victory–full democracy abroad and at home.” They were encouraged to help defeat the Axis forces abroad by participating in Civilian Defense programs and Jim Crow at home by supporting the NAACP. The campaign’s hope is symbolically captured by this poster. It shows a hand labeled “NAACP” grasping a dead crow, “Jim Crow,” over a flaming battlefield. Jim Crow’s feet are shackled with the tattered flags of Nazi Germany and Japan.